Migration & Settlement

Silhouettes of people in Zambia

The Tonga people settle in modern-day Zambia

In the 12th century, waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants arrived during the Bantu expansion. Among them, the Tonga people (also called Ba-Tonga, “Ba-” meaning “men”) were the first to settle in Zambia and are believed to have come from the east near the “big sea”.

Reconstruction of a Taíno village in Chorro de Maíta, Cuba

The Taíno people settle Cuba

At the time of European contact in the late fifteenth century, the Taíno were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba.