Flag of Ecuador

The Republic of Ecuador is founded

Ecuador initially joined Simón Bolívar’s Republic of Gran Colombia. However, in 1830, Ecuador separated from Gran Colombia and became an independent republic.

Congress of Chilpancingo painting

Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain

On November 6, the deputies to the Congress signed the first legal document, known as the Acta Solemne de la Declaración de Independencia de la América Septentrional, in which the separation of the New Spain with respect to the Spanish rule is proclaimed.