1860s C.E.

Louis Pasteur invents pasteurization, killing bacteria in milks and revolutionizing health practices

Pasteurization, invented by Louis Pasteur in 1864, kills harmful bacteria that tend to grow in dairy products, especially in the absence of refrigeration. At the time, the discovery was rather revolutionary; it allowed milk to be consumed less immediately and prevented many illnesses.

Louis Pasteur invents pasteurization, killing bacteria in milks and revolutionizing health practices More

The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia: Work in Freedom is the Foundation of a State (1914), by Alphonse Mucha,

Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, granting serfs the full rights of free citizens 

The Emancipation Reform of 1861 in Russia was the first and most important of the liberal reforms enacted during the reign of Emperor Alexander II of Russia. he reform effectively abolished serfdom throughout the Russian Empire.

Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, granting serfs the full rights of free citizens  More